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  • EPON FAQ- NMS Part
  • EPON FAQ- OLT Part
  • EPON FAQ- ONU Part
  • Q1.How to connect the console port of OLT

    Insert the console line into the console port and install the console drive program on PC. Then use terminal software such as Windows-imbedded super-terminal, SecureCRT and Pubby to log on to the commandline. If the baud rate is 9600, there is no flow control.



  • Q2.How to upgrade the OLT version

    You can browse the current version by running the showver command.

    Switch_config#show ver

    BDCOM(tm) P3310B Software, Version10.1.0B Build 14598

    Copyright by Shanghai Baud DataCommunication CO. LTD.

    Compiled: 2013-9-1017:32:18 by SYS_14598, Image text-base: 0x80008000

    ROM: SystemBootstrap, Version 0.3.3, Serial num:00313000267

    System image file is"switch.bin"

    (RISC) processor with 131072K bytesof memory, 8192K bytes of flash

    Base ethernet MAC Address: 00:e0:0f:de:d9:14

    snmp info:

    product_ID:228  system_ID:1.3.6.1.4.1.3320.1.228.0

    Switch uptime is 0:23:49:37, Thecurrent time: 1970-1-1 23:49:37

     

    To upgrade OLT is to upload the IOS files to the OLTflash through the TFTP tools.

    First, set the in-band or out-band management addresson OLT.

    Switch_config#int vlan 1

    Switch_config_v1#ip add 172.16.2.200255.255.255.0

    Secondly, ping from PC the address to ensure theconnectivity.


    Open the TFTP tools (e.g. 3CDaemon) on PC and set thefolder path for the upgrade files.


    Run the following command in global mode:

    Switch#copy tftp flash

    Enter the filename, the TFTP server’s address and the destinationfilename according to prompts.

     

    Source file name[]?switch.bin

    Remote-server ipaddress[]?172.16.2.30

    Destination filename[switch.bin]?switch.bin

     

    Upload the IOS files to the flash and browse the filesin the current flash through the dir command.

    command.

    Switch#dir

    Directory of /:

    2   olt.blob                    613656    THU JAN 01 00:02:59 1970

    4   startup-config                1273    THU JAN 01 01:12:03 1970

    3   switch.bin                 6443753    FRI JAN 02 01:44:47 1970

    free space 638976

     

    Here, switch.bin is the system file and startup-config is the configuration file for startup and storage. Olt.blob is the drive file of PON chip.


  • Q3. How to browse the reception and transmission optical powe...

    Switch#show eponoptical-transceiver-diagnosis

    interface   Temperature(degree)   Voltage(V)    Current(mA)    TxPower(dBm)

    -----------    ---------------------      ------------  -------------  --------------

    epon0/1      41.1                                3.3              8.9                4.2          

    interface   RxPower(dBm)

    ----------- --------------

    epon0/1:2    -17.2         

    epon0/1:3    -4.2 

     

    The normal transmission optical power ranges from 2dbto 7db.

    The normal reception optical power ranges from minus15db to minus 27db.

  • Q4. How to set option82 of OLT

    Switch_config#ip dhcp-relay snooping

    Switch_config#ip dhcp-relay snooping information option format hn-type

    For example, the following packets are captured after the above-mentioned commands are set:


    Circuit ID :0ff3000802

    Remoter ID:001d2bf88h08

    Remote ID is the MAC address of PON port, circut id and off3 are vlan IDs, 00 is the slot number, 08 is the unique ID of the PON port and 02 is LLID.



  • Q5. How to authenticate ONU on OLT

    Run the following command on EPON port:

    Switch_config_epon0/1#epononu-authen-method ?

    manual  --Manual authentication

    mac     -- Macauthentication

    loid    -- Loidauthentication

    hybrid  --Hybrid authentication

     

    There are 4 authentication modes:

    As to the manualauthentication, you need to authenticate the registered ONU manually in globalmode.


    In manual authentication mode, ONU is in registeredstate after OAM negotiation.

    Switch#show epon onu-in

    Interface EPON0/1 has registered 4ONUs:

    IntfName   VendorID ModelID  MAC Address    Description     BindType Status  

    Dereg Reason    

    ---------- --------- -------- ----------------------------- --------- ---------

    ------ -----------------

    EPON0/1:4                     fcfa.f796.0cb0 N/A             dynamic   registere

    d     N/A             

     

    The manually authenticated ONU is in normal state.

    Switch#epon conform-onu int e0/1:4

    Are you sure to conform theONU(y/n)?y

    Switch#Jan  2 07:21:59 %EPON-ONUAUTHEN: ONUfcfa.f796.0cb0 is authenticated on EPON0/1:4.



    Switch#show epon onu-inf

    Interface EPON0/1 has registered 4ONUs:

    IntfName   VendorID ModelID  MAC Address    Description     BindType Status  

    Dereg Reason    

    ---------- --------- -------- ----------------------------- --------- ---------

    ------ -----------------

    EPON0/1:4  JZ       3024     fcfa.f796.0cb0 N/A             static    auto_conf

    igured N/A             



    As to MAC authentication, you need to bind the MACaddress of ONU on the PON port. The related command varies with differentmodes.

     

    In the PON port mode, run the following command:

    Switch_config_epon0/1#epon bind-onumac fcfa.f796.0cb0

    Before binding, the information that ONU registrationis declined appears:

    Jan 3 03:50:35 onu MAC address fcfa.f796.0cb0 is rejected to register onEPON0/1

    After binding, the registration is finished.

    Jan 3 03:51:36 %EPON-ONUREG: ONU fcfa.f796.0cb0 isregistered on EPON0/1:4.

    Jan 3 03:51:36 %EPON-ONUAUTHEN: ONU fcfa.f796.0cb0 isauthenticated on EPON0/1:4.

    Jan 3 03:51:36 %OLT: Interface EPON0/1:4'sOAM Operational Status: Operational

    Switch_config#show epon onu-inf

    Interface EPON0/1 has registered 4ONUs:

    IntfName   VendorID ModelID  MAC Address    Description     BindType Status  

    Dereg Reason    

    ---------- --------- -------- ----------------------------- --------- ---------

    EPON0/1:4   BDCOM    3024     fcfa.f796.0cb0 N/A             static    auto_conf

    igured N/A             

     

    As to LoID authentication, it will be mentioned inquestion 1.6.

    As to hybrid authentication, it is to conduct the MACauthentication first and then, if MAC authentication fails, turn to LoIDauthentication.

     



  • Q6. How to set the LoID authentication of ONU

    !

    !

    aaa authentication login a local

    aaa authentication enable defaultnone

    !

    username opconn password 0 18opconn

    !

    !

    epon c-psg slot 16 backup-slot 9sequence 64 chip 0 0

    epon loid-authentication-method a

    !

    interface FastEthernet1/1

    ip address 10.114.1.12 255.255.0.0

    !

    interface EPON5/2

    shutdown

    switchport protected 1

    !

    interface EPON5/3

    shutdown

    switchport protected 1

    !

    interface EPON5/4

    epon onu-authen-method loid

    epon bind-onu mac 00e0.0f0f.0001 1

    epon bind-onu mac 00e0.0f00.0000 2

    epon bind-onu mac fcfa.f796.041c 3

    epon bind-onu mac fcfa.f79a.7da1 4

    epon bind-onu mac fcfa.f79d.00ec loid opconn 5

    switchport mode trunk

    switchport protected 1

    !

    interface EPON5/4:1

    !

    interface EPON5/4:2

    !

    interface EPON5/4:3

    !

    interface EPON5/4:4

    !

    interface EPON5/4:5

    !

    The LoID password consists of the index number of thePON port and the local LoID password of ONU.

    !

    Switch_config#show interface ePON 5/4

    EPON5/4 is up, line protocol is up

    Ifindex is 18, unique port number is 4

    Hardware is Giga-PON, address is 00e0.0fe4.f437 (bia00e0.0fe4.f437)

    MTU 1500 bytes, BW 1000000 kbit, DLY 2000 usec

    Encapsulation ARPA

    Flow-Control Off

    5 minutes input rate 1 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

    5 minutes output rate 86506513 bits/sec, 84478packets/sec

    Received 1 packets, 68 bytes

    1 broadcasts, 0 multicasts

    0 discard, 0 error, 0 PAUSE

    0 align, 0 FCS, 0 symbol

    0 carriersense

    Transmited 180463058 packets, 23099271296 bytes

    0 broadcasts, 0 multicasts

    0 discard, 0 error, 0 PAUSE

    0 sqettest, 0 deferred

    0 single, 0 multiple, 0 excessive, 0 late

    Switch_config#username opconn password18opconn

    Switch_config#

    Switch_config#

    Switch_config#quit

    Switch#Jun  3 11:04:10 %SYS-6-CONFIG: Configuredfrom console 0 by admin

    Switch#debug aaa au

    authentication  authorization

    Switch#debug aaa authentication ?

    Switch#debug aaa authentication

    Switch#config

    Switch_config#

    Switch_config#interface ePON 5/4

    Switch_config_epon5/4#

    Switch_config_epon5/4#showrunning-config interface ePON 5/4

    Building configuration...

    Current configuration:

    !

    interface EPON5/4

    epon onu-authen-method loid

    epon bind-onu mac 00e0.0f0f.0001 1

    epon bind-onu mac 00e0.0f00.0000 2

    epon bind-onu mac fcfa.f796.041c 3

    epon bind-onu mac fcfa.f79a.7da1 4

    epon bind-onu mac fcfa.f79d.00ec 5

    switchport mode trunk

    switchport protected 1

    Switch_config_epon5/4#show epon onu-information

    Interface EPON5/4 has registered 5ONUs:

    IntfName   VendorID ModelID  MAC Address    Description     BindType

    Status

    Dereg Reason

    ---------- --------- -------- ----------------------------- ---------

    ---------

    ------ -----------------

    EPON5/4:1  KT       3023     00e0.0f0f.0001 N/A             static

    auto_conf

    igured N/A

    EPON5/4:2  BDCM     3023     00e0.0f00.0000 N/A             static

    auto_conf

    igured N/A

    EPON5/4:3  KT       3024     fcfa.f796.041c N/A             static

    auto_conf

    igured N/A

    EPON5/4:4  JZCM     3035     fcfa.f79a.7da1 N/A             static

    auto_conf

    igured N/A

    EPON5/4:5  BDCM     3022     fcfa.f79d.00ec N/A             static

    auto_conf

    igured N/A

    Switch_config_epon5/4#no eponbind-onu sequence 5

    Switch_config_epon5/4#Jun  3 11:04:33 %EPON-ONUDEREG: ONUfcfa.f79d.00ec is

    deregistered on EPON5/4:5

    Jun 3 11:04:33 bcmPortStpSet(315):slot = 238, unit = 4, port = 4

    Jun 3 11:04:33 bcmPortStpSet(315):slot = 238, unit = 4, port = 4

    Jun 3 11:04:33 %EPON-ONUREG: ONU fcfa.f79d.00ec isregistered on

    EPON5/4:5.

    Jun 3 11:04:34 %OLT: Interface EPON5/4:5'sOAM Operational Status:

    Operational

    Switch_config_epon5/4#Jun  3 11:04:37 %OLT: InterfaceEPON5/4:5's CTC OAM

    extension negotiated successfully!

    Jun 3 11:04:37 AAA/CREATE_USER: user_id=0x18df3c0

    Jun 3 11:04:37 AAA/CREATE_USER: user='opconn'port='EPON5/4:5'

    Jun 3 11:04:37 AAA/AUTHEN(5): status = START

    Jun 3 11:04:37 AAA/AUTHEN(5): action = LOGIN

    Jun 3 11:04:37 AAA/AUTHEN(5): authen_type = LOGIN

    Jun 3 11:04:37 AAA/AUTHEN(5): Using 'default' methodlist

    Jun 3 11:04:37 AAA/AUTHEN(5): Method = LOCAL

    Jun 3 11:04:37 AAA/AUTHEN(5): status = SUCCESS

    Jun 3 11:04:37 %EPON-ONUAUTHEN: ONU fcfa.f79d.00ec isauthenticated on

    EPON5/4:5.

    Switch_config_epon5/4#quit

    Switch_config#

    Switch_config#show epononu-information

    Interface EPON5/4 has registered 5ONUs:

    IntfName   VendorID ModelID  MAC Address    Description     BindType

    Status

    Dereg Reason

    ---------- --------- -------- ----------------------------- ---------

    ---------

    ------ -----------------

    EPON5/4:1  KT       3023     00e0.0f0f.0001 N/A             static

    auto_conf

    igured N/A

    EPON5/4:2  BDCM     3023     00e0.0f00.0000 N/A             static

    auto_conf

    igured N/A

    EPON5/4:3  KT       3024     fcfa.f796.041c N/A             static

    auto_conf

    igured N/A

    EPON5/4:4  JZCM     3035     fcfa.f79a.7da1 N/A             static

    auto_conf

    igured N/A

    EPON5/4:5  BDCM     3022     fcfa.f79d.00ec N/A             static

    auto_conf

    igured N/A

    Switch_config#show running-config interfaceePON 5/4

    Building configuration...

    Current configuration:

    !

    interface EPON5/4

    epon onu-authen-method loid

    epon bind-onu mac 00e0.0f0f.0001 1

    epon bind-onu mac 00e0.0f00.0000 2

    epon bind-onu mac fcfa.f796.041c 3

    epon bind-onu mac fcfa.f79a.7da1 4

    epon bind-onu mac fcfa.f79d.00ec loid opconn 5

    switchport mode trunk

    switchport protected 1

    Switch_config#show eponloid-bind-table ?

    |         --Output modifiers

    Switch_config#show eponloid-bind-table

    LOID                      EPON/PSG   LLID         BindType

    ------------------------  --------- ------------  --------

    opconn                    EPON5/4    EPON5/4:5     dynamic

    Switch_config#

    The following shows how to locally modify LoID andpassword on ONU: (BDCOM ONU’s default LoID and password are opconn)

    Login:root

    Password:

    Welcome 'root' to OpConn OperatingSystem

    onu(super)# auth

    logical-onu-id     ONU logical id

    onu(super)# auth logical-onu-id

    INPUT              ONU logical id(1-24 characters)

    onu(super)# auth logical-onu-idopconn

    password           Password

    onu(super)# auth logical-onu-idopconn password

    INPUT              Password(1-12 characters)

    onu(super)# auth logical-onu-idopconn password opconnonu

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